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The soil characteristics of the area has been classified into the following:

  1. Soils of the plains

    1. Quinga series

Quinga fine sandy loam

    1. Marikina series

Marikina silt loam

Marikina loam

Marikina clay

    1. Binangonan series

Binangonan clay

  1. Soils of the hills and mountains

    1. Novaliches series

Novaliches clay loam

    1. Antipolo series

Antipolo clay

Antipolo soils


Area (has)

















Quinga Fine Sandy Loam

This is a river deposit of sandy to fine sandy material. It is from 60-120 cm. From the surface, the depth is varying with the level of the river flood terraces.

The surface is usually light brown and loose, except in higher areas and considered as one of the lost productive soil. A variety of crops like rice, sugarcane, corn, bananas, sweet potatoes and especially vegetables can be grown profitably.


Marikina Series

The surface soil of the Marikina series is medium or light brown in color. Its subsoil has good drainage qualities. The soil, being light in texture, loses moisture easily.

The surface soil of the Marikina loam is friable, loose and coarsely granular. It is brown, almost compact but friable. On the other hand, the Marikina silt loam is light brown with brick red streaks. The subsoil is granular and friable. It varies from 20-25cm.


Binangonan Series

The Binangonan soil occupies an area of limestone. It is very dark brown to nearly black. A large portion of this series is mountainous.

The surface soil is coarse granular to cloudy when dry and sticks when wet. Rice and corn can be planted in this type of soil.


Novaliches Series

The Novaliches soils are reddish brown in color. The surface and subsoil are friable in consistency and granular in structure. Iron concentrations are present. This is planted to mango trees.


Antipolo Series

The Antipolo soil is reddish brown developed from igneous and other volcanic rocks, while Antipolo clay is very friable and finely granular. The Antipolo soils undifferentiated are rough and mountainous.



Protecting the ecosystem does not tell us to avoid any change, but that we should recognize that human-induced changes can have far-reaching and often unpredictable consequences. Ecology is a call for wisdom, care, and restraint as we alter the ecosphere.